ID 2018 Group 1
Interaction Design Research
Research - Week 2 - 3rd Oct
To start our research, we followed question formulation techniques (QFT) to come up with possible questions we might need to find the answer to. At this point, we didn’t have much of an idea about where we might want to place our educational installation, so most of our questions were based around the space this installation could go. We came up with a big list of questions, not worrying if some of the questions didn’t seem as useful as others as we were following a process that would open up our minds. Once we had a long list we narrowed it down to the best/ most useful questions to answer.
As a group, we came up with two potential spaces for the installation. We are not set on which space we would like to use and need to visit both to find out more information about them, so at this stage we answered all the questions for both places. This allowed us to think more carefully about which space might be better suited to an installation and which space would benefit the most from one.
Location – Millennium Square/ Wild Place • What is the age range of people who visit this space? Who visits this place? Wild Place – Mainly Families with young children aged 3-12 Millennium – Family’s / young professionals passing through on way to/from work or on lunch break • Are there any accessibility issues with this space? Wild Place – Some areas aren’t accessible for wheelchair and buggies. Only 4 disabled parking spaces. Bus access Cycle and foot accessible Gravel Car Park Doors are single width No desks are lowered Only 1 disabled toilet in whole park Millennium – Easy parking Flat surface Wide open Spaces Safety barriers for harbor Bus routes • How long do people typically spend at the location? Wild Place – Up to a day, family day out, spend quite a few hours there. Take a picnic lunch and spend most of the day out Millennium – If adults, probably just passing through, on their way to other areas of the city. They might stop in some of the restaurants or bars. Families may spend longer there, kids want to play in the fountains or run around the square. They will probably visit the aquarium or we the curious • Why do people visit this space? Wild Place – Family day out Visit animals Exciting for all ages Teaching children / school trip Tourists Millennium – Family day out to nearby attractions To eat/drink By pass for other destinations Tourists • Is the location suitable/ convenient, is there other things around it? Wild Place – Would have to plan to visit. Millennium – Yes, lots of attractions near by, lots of restaurants, shops etc • How does time of year affect visitors ? Wild Place – Peak seasons – school holidays Millennium – Busier Christmas time with ice rink, events/ harbor side festival • What draws in peoples attention? Features Wild Place – Gift Shop, Arial park, noises, map. Millennium – Planetarium, Harbor/boats, Aquarium, Water features, Big screen, tourist centre. • What kind of experience- Playful, factual, serious? Both – Playful, best reaction from families and children, they’re most likely to spend more time interacting with it if it’s playful and enjoyable • Do people respond best to audio or visual ?- focus on categories of people • What age range is most confident ? - would people want to go over and interact with the advertisement Wild Place – Children (6-12), kids more free to run off by themselves and have fun Millennium – Families, kids staying closer to parents, not as likely to run off by themselves
Week 3 - 10th Oct
Week 4 - 17th Oct - No lecture/ Research Week
'''Hippodrome''' One of our ideas for the study was Bristol Hippodrome, on 18/10/18 we decided to go out to visit, to get some first-hand insight on the attraction itself, and see if it was possible to use as our historical feature in Bristol and a suitable location for our project and what we were looking to achieve. We emailed the hippodrome in advance to ask if it was possible to have a look around the theatre entrance and maybe one of the theatres and take some photos, which could be used in our project. Email is as follows: "To whom this may concern, I am a final year digital media student at the University Of The West Of England. This year for one of our modules, we are to carry out design based research on an aspect of Bristol history. We are aware that The Hippodrome has been around for many years, so would like to look into it further, as an option for our project. Would it be possible for our group, (consisting of 4 girls) come to visit on Thursday 18th October, to have a look around the theatre and its facilities, take some photos and possibly have a quick chat with someone who works here and knows it well. Our lecturer is happy to correspond with yourselves regarding any information you may require. Thanks in advance, Catrina Liddell " Unfortunately, no one replied to get back into contact with whether this was possible or not, so we decided to ring up the company and see if they could give us a point of contact to get the permissions needed. During this phone call we were informed to email the venue itself to organise this or to head into the box office and have a chat. On Thursday we turned up to the box office and talked to a lady who was informative and happy to answer any questions we had. These are some answers received: 1912 building Fire at the hipp Age range is show depended Weds mat - 60+ Winter pantomime is most popular time of year Lion king/ war horse sold out everyday Summer is quieter. Do maintenance then Unfortunately, she informed us that she was unable to give us access to the theatre due to events going on, and any guests that they may have wandering. However, she did tell us that they run a tour of the theatre where you would be able to have a look around all the facilities and take photos at a price of £16.40. When we asked about the tour, we found that the next tour available to book wasn’t until mid-November, at which we decided that it wouldn’t give us enough time for the project. Although we found that the Hippodrome has a lot of history and there are lots of materials out there accessible, we found that without visiting it was going to be difficult to propose an idea. Therefore, deciding against this as our location for the assignment.
'''Arnos Vale''' 50+ age range of visitors Dog walkers and people for cafe people visiting graves Accessibility - big hill , lots of uneven paths, steps. Main driveway ok but not easy to access woods Cafe visitors maybe 30 mins Exhibition downstairss of cafe Time spent depends on why you visiting - cafe, grave, walk Why people visit - visit graves, walking, coffee/ cafe, exhibition Location close to temple meads. Easy to get to from train bus city centre. Limited parking. Convenient if you life nearby and want to know about your local area and history You would plan to come here even for the cafe. Wouldn’t just pop in If visiting graves time of year might not affect. For dog walkers won’t affect Summer busier in the evening with light and nice weather Take kids to run around in woods ?? History is what draws people in. New war graves. WOM about nice cafe Factual experience. Serious. Sad for some. Sentimental. Don’t think older people would want to interact with the interaction. They might find it a bit disrespectful if in the wrong place. Young people more likely to go and interact with it Not many people about. Cafe is the busiest. People wander but not loads about. No benches around. Not a place inviting you to sit down and spend time Not many open spaces Busier in summer. Families come. Locals to use cafe Arnos Vale Pictures: [https://drive.google.com/open?id=1gX4gJZfziPZ7Sn2kpR-fEEHGzfiN7ku8]
When visiting Arnos Vale, we quickly realised that this would not be the most suitable location to place an exhibition as there were many accessibility issues in the area such as large hills, uneven paths and steep steps that would restrict the number of people who would be able to visit the interactive system. The age range of the existing visitors is 50+ that have a specific purpose for visiting the cemetery such as visiting graves, dog walking and visiting the café. We felt that these tasks were very specific, and people were unlikely to explore further in the area where we would place an installation. The location of Arnos Vale is convenient as it is walking distance or a short bus ride away from Temple Meads train station and is simple to find from the city centre. However, the parking is limited to the main driveway which restricts the number of people who are able to visit. Arnos Vale is a location which you have to plan to visit as it isn’t in the centre of the city, so people don’t wander past it. In terms of the times when people will visit, we figured that when the busiest time wouldn’t be affected as people visit this place to carry out a specific task which they would do no matter what the weather is like. We visited the information point available at Arnos Vale to find out if there was a time of year where there are more visitors and the staff could tell us that summer was the busiest time, but this is purely because of the longer days and nicer weather. We found existing exhibitions at the location such as the history of Arnos Vale and a war memorial for the people who are buried in the cemetery who fought in WW1 + 2, recreated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. The atmosphere was serious, sentimental and for some sad; we quickly realised this this would not be the best location for an interactive exhibition as some people could find it offensive or insensitive. Overall, despite this location being an interesting and visually pleasing it was not the right place for us to work with as it didn’t feel appropriate to use its history to make an interactive system.
'''Bristol Zoo''' People walk straight past the flamingos at the entrance Lots of families, school trip. Parents/ grandparents and young children Kids age up to end of primary school max maybe 10 yrs oldrest Lots of buggies around Different people spend diff amounts of time at places. Some pass by others stop for a while. Depends on attraction. Everyone looks at the lions for a long time but not much time spent at the tortoises Lots of people walked past the doors for buildings such as the reptiles house Needs to be suitable for little people. Steps placed around the zoo so they can look into the enclosure No accessibility issues. Stone paths everywhere. All ramps up and down. Could be slightly tricky on paving stones. Suitable for wheelchairs and buggies Kids wonder off by themselves slightly. Looking after the map How long do people stay? Why do people visit ? How does time of year affect visitors ? Respond best to audio or visual ? Visual for kids. Kids don’t listen to talks parents do and relay to kids in a kid friendly way What kind of experience ? Playful/ factual/ serious ? Fun for kids. Some factual info available. Relief for parents What attracts peoples attention? Main animals not seen everyday like lions. Sounds of keepers giving talks about animals - especially as not super regular. Go to these first Is location suitable/ other things around it ? Easy to get too but limited parking. Can catch bus. Right outside. Near Clifton Parents get down to kids level. Everything is aimed at tiny people - low level. Lots of seating everywhere Big location They pay a lot of attention to the maintenance of grounds and make sure it looks nice. Has big open space - field Lots of paths that are easy to miss. People wouldn’t go down Lots of picnic spots Outer perimeter is most popular. Lots of people follow the main path round the edge Restaurant is halfway point ? Interactive games around the park like jump like a lemur No outside seating at the restaurant '''Zoo Photos''' https://www.dropbox.com/sh/8q50pblym5jhi5l/AADEeBb2q2KWM1p0n21LWY-Qa?dl=0 When we visited the zoo the first thing that we noticed was that people walked straight past the flamingos which was the first attraction by the entrance of the zoo. Most of the people that we saw were families, school trips and groups of young adults. The children were between the ages of 3-10 years old. Due to the young children being at the zoo there was many buggies which meant that they had a buggy park for people to leave when they enter the zoo. Most people spent different amounts of time in each location. The lions seemed to be the most popular attraction where the tortoises were least popular due to it being hard to find. A large amount of people walked past the doors for the reptile house, aquarium and the bug house. Within these buildings they have steps for small children to step on, so they can have a better view of what is within the enclosure. We noticed that they didn’t have any accessibility issues. Some stone paths were uneven, but they do have ramps for these locations, so we feel that each of the buildings are easily accessible for wheel chairs and buggies. We saw many young children walking around the zoo by themselves with maps. With their parents nearby, they normally lead the way for where they would go first. With this being the case many parents/grandparents came down to the children’s level when taking and interacting with the animals. Most of attractions at the zoo are low levelled which normally attract children. For the location the zoo is large for the location and the protected buildings. They have a lot of seating everywhere which allows families to take their time at the zoo and gives them time to enjoy the location of the grounds. The zoo is well maintained with their gardens and have a large patch of grass for children to play on and to have picnics. With the outer perimeter being the most popular we noticed that some of the smaller paths weren’t noticed as families walked around the zoo. Overall, we thought that the zoo was a perfect to have as a location for our interaction. With large open spaces and a wide variety of people who visit, we feel that we could easily spread a message in a fun and interactive way within the large and accessible spaces at the zoo. Bristol Zoo Photos: [https://drive.google.com/open?id=1iSS5juifhMmg4tIjzOx94jN_2ftVY2B0]
Week 5 - 24th Oct - Developing a Brief
Below are the notes that we created during the lecture this week when thinking about developing a design brief.
Location and Current Situation – why is the project needed and what would you like to achieve Location – Bristol Zoo, showing historical development of the zoo, Treasure hunt interaction? Shows different part of exhibition and different information displayed – bear pole, wild place, elephant house, etc. What problem are we trying to solve? Educating people about history of the zoo, educate people about animal welfare, show that they stopped keeping bears and how progression of helping animals. Educate people about the listed buildings and architecture. Get people to explore the whole zoo not the main attractions – if it wasn’t on the main path people weren’t visiting it – they’re missing good bits of the zoo/history like monkey palace. Explore the ethics behind zoos – show how animal’s lives have improved and how they are still working on it. Be a bit philosophical Explore the hidden history of the zoo What are you trying to explore? – making history fun for children, history of Bristol zoo, changes over time and since opening. Opened in 1836. Show how the visitor experience has changed, if people still notice the landmarks that were there since opening. Attract people’s attention to this not just animals Who is this going to impact? – visitors to the zoo, younger children, workers of the zoo who might get more interesting questions and won’t have to explain the history as much, season pass holders who might not have previously noticed the history and will now be better educated. Who are the audience? Kids age range 3-10, parents might interact too or demonstrate to the kids and help them to use the interaction What are the constraints? – limited by cost of the interaction as we are students and don’t have a budget for this project. Need to be careful that we don’t run up a large cost, if this was a real world project we would be given a budget if being commissioned. Need to be careful ethically as interacting with young children. Although wanting to educate people about animal welfare and ethics must be careful to not upset anyone. Some slabs were a bit uneven, but mostly no accessibility issues, all flat paths suitable for buggies etc. Lots of benches to sit down- suitable for older people. Be careful each element of the interaction doesn’t take too long, don’t want to lose people’s attention, they would go back to it throughout the day if it’s a treasure hunt interaction. Puzzles? Games? Make history fun CURRENT SITUATION: (Why is the project needed and what would you like to achieve? People don’t know that the zoo has history. There’s lots of debate about whether zoos are ethically and morally correct, we look to explore this issue and educate children and parents about the changes the zoo has made to make sure that the animals are looked after properly and to the best of the zoos ability. We want to inform people about the history that surrounds the animals (bear pole), buildings and old enclosures.
Week 6 - 31st Oct - Ideation and Presentation Prep
We met on the 29/10/18 to discuss some possible ideas for our installation so we could begin putting together our design brief. We decided that we wanted to design an installation that shows the development history of the zoo overtime and also emphasise the ethical issues of the animals conditions. Some of the ideas and topics we came up with were - Audio triggers that made animal noises. - Stamping Screen - Spacial awareness/improvement on buildings. - Led displays - Paper displays So after discussion we decided that for our target audience, we are going to focus on aiming it at children of any age. as well as the parents as they will may need to step in and help this children. The idea for our installation that we have chosen, is to have audio sensors that when stepped on will trigger an animal noise that then create a sound wave that can then guide them to each exhibit. Once arrived at the enclosure there will be an LED screen and a pen that they are able to draw the animal that lived in the enclosure on it, once the picture is drawn and entered it will then be given slight animation, and placed in an image of the previous enclosure.So for example the children would draw bears at one station and then the children's images of their bears would appear in what used to be there bear pit, and the more bears that are drawn, the more will appear in the pit overtime, to emphasise the size of the pit that these animals had to live in. Each image drawn will be stored and displayed each time and will all be saved at the end of the day and uploaded to the zoos website for the parents to access to view their child's drawing. Once uploaded it will be wiped from the installation at the end of the day, for the next group.
We then put our presentation for the design brief together using the criteria given to explain our idea.
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